In Washington: Verbrecher Organisation der Familie des Lulzim Basha macht wieder eine US Reise mit dem Gangster Fatmir Mediu

Die Ratte unterzeichnete einen neuen Lobby Vertrag mit dem Podesta Verein, der die Verbrecherin Hillary Clinton auch finanziert. Man kauft sich für Termine einen US Mafia Lobby Verein!
Die Ratte der Lüge, was sogar der Es-US Botschafter John Withers betonte, erfindet über den Washington Aufenthalt die nächsten Lügen: Warum man sich mit so einer dummen, kriminellen und korrupten Person trifft, wir Victory Nuland, spricht für sich Selber.

The Democratic Party leader consulted the Albanian opposition plan for the passing of the justice reform with the Deputy Secretary of State, Victoria Nuland, who is the highest ranked personality in the meeting agenda of Lulzim Basha in Washington.

Wichtigste Partner der CDU, KAS, auch nach deren Website Statements: Profi Betrüger, Gangster, vollkommen korrupt und kriminell, welche hinter Gitter gehören. Aber gemeinsam kann man leichter Geld stehlen. Die Bande ist wieder mal in Washington, um kriminelle Geschäfte zu besprechen: Partner der Deutschen KAS, wo in jedem Rechtsstaat ein Lulzim Basha, aus prominenter Betrugs Familie, längst hinter Gitter wäre.Für Geld lässt man die übelsten Verbrecher sogar frei, für Wahlkampf Unterstützung.
Law Breakers Turned Law Makers……………………………..– Lulzim Basha: According to one SP source, FM Basha, who
represents the DP in Elbasan, was involved in facilitating
the release from prison of a notorious criminal in Elbasan in
return for support from the criminal’s family. Relatives of
the criminal promised to “organize” people in Elbasan to
support Basha. The criminal was released on June 29, the day
after the elections.

Albania Opposition Signs Lobby Firm Before US Visit

The opposition Democratic Party has signed a new contract with the powerful Washington lobbying firm Podesta Group on the eve of its leader Lulzim Basha’s visit to the US.
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Dubiose Lobby Organisationen laden ein: Dreistigkeit dieser korrupten Verbrecher Bande, führt zu einer Schlagzeile


Opposition leader visits the USA

14/03/2016 10:00

Opposition leader visits the USA

The Democratic Party leader, Lulzim Basha, started a visit in the USA to meet US politicians, accompanied by MPs Gent Strazmiri, Jorida Tabaku, Eduart Selami and Fatmir Mediu. This visit coincides with the 25-th anniversary of the reestablishment of the relations between the USA and Albania.

The challenge of Albania for building a functional democracy and for establishing rule of law, fair elections and justice reform, will be the focus of the opposition leader in these meetings.

Basha will meet with high-level US officials to discuss concerns regarding the stances of the DP for taking Albania out of the crisis and for the governing alternative of the DP.

Bei Dr. Franz Jung “Experte” für die “schwarzen Kassen” der CDU (identisch wie bei Martin Schulz SPD und rund um die Skrapari Bande des Ilir Meta und Dritan Prifti-LSI Partei) müssen wohl neue Quellen der Super Albanischen uralt Verbrecher Banden erschlossen werden, weil man Partner braucht. Dabei wurden auch Schwarzgelder (deklariert als „jüdische Vermächtnisse“) verwendet.[8]

Fatmir Mediu, bezahlte für die Tochter eine US Schule mit Kosten von 40.000 $ pro Jahr, wo er nur 25.000 $ pro Jahr verdiente.

Film und Buch über die Gerdec Kathastrophe, das grösste NATO Betrugs Geschäft und der US – Albanischen Mafia

Fatmir Mediu, Dr. Franz Jung. Agron Duka
Fatmir Mediu, Dr. Franz Jung. Agron Duka

Verbrecher Kartell im grössten NATO Munitions Betrug trifft sich in Berlin.

Langzeit Gangster Syndidkats Chef der RP: Fatmir Mediu, Dr. Franz Jung und rechts der Super Gangster Agron Duka, dessen Drogen Labore in Albanien eine Legende waren vor 15 Jahren schon. Das Verbrechen ist ganz Oben angekommen, was auch nicht neu ist.

Stratfor: Salih Berisha, ist der Chef der Albanisches Mafia Clans


WikiLeaks – Stratfor: Berisha, the Albania mafia chief


WikiLeaks – Stratfor: Berisha, the Albania mafia chief

Mafia Clan of Democratic Party of Albania

Salih Berisha
Capo der Albanischen Mafia: der NATO Partner Salih Berisha
Klare Worte aus einer Info email, an den Stratfor Vize Präsidenten!

Marko Papic replies: “Dude, Berisha was president before the anarchy of 1997. He is the chief (don) Albanian mafia “.

die wikileaks cables, outeten wie alle Insider Berichte, Salih Berisha vor Jahren, als hoch kriminell, wo seine Minister, gegen Geld verurteilte Mörder und Drogen Bosse freiliessen in einem kriminellen Enterprise der Justiz. Allgemein bekannt, das Salih Berisha mit Kriminellen, die Institutionen übernehmen und infiltrieren will. Die EU und US Politiker stoppten dieses Verbrechen nicht, weil man Geschäfte machen will, mit der von der Mafia übernommenen Weltbank, welche ebenso in einem Desaster der Privatisierung im Sinne krimineller Firmen und Personen untergeht. Der US Department of State Report von 2012, dokumentierte ebenso ein verherrendes Staatsgebilde, was nur durch eine Theater Show am Leben gehalten wird und durch korrupte Aufbau Helfer und Justiz Bringer.

wikileaks veröffentlichte Tausende von internen Strafor emails, wobei sich eine mit dem kriminellen Enterprise: Salih Berisha befasst.

Rauben, Plündern, Erpressen, Stehlen: die Übernahme des Zolls, durch die Tropoja Banditen des Ridvan Bode und Salih Berisha

WikiLeaks: Berisha, the #Albania mafia chief, Rama, modern leader for Albanians
Posted: February 20, 2013 by the American Friend in Albania, Democracy, Edi Rama
Tags: , , , , , ,


Wikileaks documents, derived from the CIA-shadow, known as Stratfor company, speak Albanian Prime Minister as a ‘do-in’ of the Albanian mafia. But Rama, although recognized as wikileaks-31-300x180stubborn, considered modern leader waiting Albanians and evaluation of the EU. Stratfor: Kosovars do not have much sympathy with Berisha, he has strong ties with Serbia

Wikileaks has little time to publish some interesting documents security and global consulting agency, Stratfor, which is otherwise known as America’s shadow CIA.

Driven by a document published in Ora News, gërmuam to discover what it is for the January 21 event in Stratfor documents.

On the day of the event seriously, there was a very intense communication between the organization analyst, called Marko Papic, who informs for Albania and other persons in the company, including Vice President Fred Burton.

A series of e-mails exchanged with the question of what the hell is happening in Albania on January 21.

Marko Papic replies: “Dude, Berisha was president before the anarchy of 1997. He is the chief (don) Albanian mafia “.

Papic speed then reports that there were three deaths.

“The opposition, led by the Socialist leader, Edi Rama, has urged Prime Minister Sali Berisha to resign on January 20, after Deputy Prime Minister Ilir Meta resigned after a bribery scandal over a plant.

The real issue is in fact related to dissatisfaction over the recent parliamentary elections, won by Berisha score close. Socialists claim that the elections were rigged.

However, there is some cultural component separation. Socialists are quite powerful in southern cities such as Vlora, Berat and Gjirokastra. Under Shkumbini are Tosks where PS is powerful.

Extended north Albanians in Kosovo are gegë. Tirana is where the meet.

Why does it matter?

Albania generally does not matter. However, it is a country where the government is one of the many organized crime groups vying for power. Anarchy is always very close. In 1997, Albania slid into anarchy.

The event was important as it made ​​to interfere with the Italians, to prevent Albanians flock to Italy, which always happens when there is no consistency.

Also in 1997, the anarchy caused more easily pass weapons in Kosovo, making the KLA becomes a factor. “

A day later, Marko Papic informed that the situation is calm.

He says the opposition has threatened to act until Berisha to resign. Also note that declared that whoever touches official buildings, will have the same fate as the protesters.

“There are rumors that the National Intelligence Service agents have infiltrated the crowd to provoke violence. (Comment: There is no evidence, but would not be the first time that SIS is used for such things). “

Later, in another e-mail, request information from Papic center for ongoing situation and influence in the region.

“For me, things will not get worse as in 1997, because it was driven by economic collapse situation and not just policy differences. Albanians have strong memories and feelings from that period and will attempt to avoid repetition, “he writes.

Asked about the impact of Berisha in Kosovo and Macedonia, Stratfor analyst writes: “I’m talking in general, Berisha has no role in the region. He continues to be seen as a model of the old leader. Clearly, Kosovo will always need the support of the Prime Minister and his government. However, many Kosovars remember that Berisha gave lukewarm support KLA and is believed to have personally benefited allowing fuel loads in Serbia and Montenegro, despite NATO embargo at the time. Berisha is still seen as a man with close ties with Serbia – one of his contacts closer Damir Fazlic, a character who is believed to have contacts with the highest levels in the Serbian government. Berisha believed to have strong ties to Macedonia and Djukanovic loss, it has also limited the influence in Montenegro “.

Asked what changes would have to Albania and the region with the arrival of Rama in power, he said:“Edvin Rama is Albanian Socialist opposition leader, representing approximately 50 percent Albanian voters. Rama is known as stubborn and somewhat radical among the international community in Tirana.There is good dialogue, creating situations where no party wins. Despite these weaknesses, Rama represents the leader of “modern” that many Albanians had hoped since 1990. His work in modernizing and cleaning of the capital has become very popular and has given the image of the man who can do something for the people. The popularity of Rama and his modern thinking have been commented on favorably by many leaders and representatives of the EU “.

Mafia Report in Albania

Mafia Report in Albania
Date: Sunday, June 10 @ 17:27:36 PDT
Topic: Albania News
Read inside: “Mafia Clan of Democratic Party of Albania” , “My letter to Tom Ridge” , “Fatmir “Watchman” Mediu and President Bush” – by Gary Q. KokalariH.E. Sokol Olldashi
Minister of Telecommunications and Transportation Republic of Albania
Tirana, AlbaniaZoti Olldashi:Not surprisingly, as of this date I have not received a response from you on the correspondence below and the attached report that contains various allegations against you. If this information is not true, one would think you would have an interest in clearing your name.

Die Langzeit zuständige EU Politikerin: Doris Pack, schüttelt nur noch den Kopf, das auch gegen die größten Deutschen Verbrecher, keine Verfahren eröffnet werden, obwohl der Computer des Ex-UNMIK Chefs: Joachim Rückers, von einer UN Sonder Einheit beschlagnahmt wurde. Er ist heute Schwedischer Botschaft, für die Medien nicht erreichbar.                                                             Auszug:

l. In diesen zehn Jahren ist die Korruption gewachsen, sie wurde nicht bekämpft”. Es gebe unter anderem “Tausende von Fällen (…) von Kriminellen, die noch nicht vor Gericht gestellt wurden”. Sämtliche Chefs der Besatzungsverwaltung UNMIK, die laut Pack der faktischen Unterstützung von Korruption schuldig sind, stammten aus EU-Staaten, allein zwei davon aus der Bundesrepublik. Deutschland ist der Staat, dem stets der größte Einfluss auf die UNMIK-Verwaltung zugeschrieben wurde.[12] (PK) ……………………………


Die illegalen Mafia Bauten der Familie Lulzim Basha und des Schwieger Vaters: Xhaferie Isufi in Vlore

Der damalige Chef Bau Inspektor von Albanien:Gjergj Bojaxhi, blockierte den Bau, der Familie des Lulzim Basha, identisch wie den Mafia Bau des Agim Hoxha, Sokol Kazazi in der Currila und wurde dann durch Salih Berisha und seine Banden vom Posten entfernt.

Eines der ordinäres illegalen Bau Projekte in Albanien, an der Küste, die als ” Cold Water “, bekannt ist, wo der Langzeit Experte des Betruges Xhaferie Isufi, Schwieger Vater des Lulzim Basha, wieder aktiv wurde, mit seiner Phantom Baufirma:G.B.A Konstruksion. Die komplette Umgebung dort, ist von Banden illegal zubetoniert wurden, durch Land Besetzung. Noch peinlicher der Grundstücks Erwerb, was auch ein Standard Verhalten ist von Verbrechern. Eigentümer ist eine Schule, niemand hat das Grundstück (1663 qm)je verkauft, aber plötzlich waren Xhuvi Sharxhi und Xhafer Isufi, die Eigentümer des Schul Grundstücks, wo Alles zuammen gefälscht wurde.

Gjykata Administrative në Vlorë urdhëroi heqjen e rrethimit nga pallati Jon pranë Ujit të Ftohtë. Inspektoriati i Ndërtimit ka gjetur në këtë objekt shkelje ligjore, që mund të shkojnë deri në rrëzimin e pallatit. Ish-drejtuesi i Inspektoriatit Ndërtimor, Gjergj Bojaxhi, thotë se…

Gjergj Bojaxhiu über Richter, die jedes Gesetz ignorieren als Partner der Vlore Bau Mafia: Der Fall der Isufi – Lulzim Basha

Irgendwie müssen die Luxus Villen und Apaprtments der Richter finanziert werden, was bei den höchsten Richtern anfängt von Thimjo Kondi,  bis XhezairZaganjori, der ein 238 qm Luxus Appartment in Tirana hat, beste Lage. Partner dieser Mafia, ausl. Stiftungen und EU Missionen.

Gjergj Bojaxhiu, gab ein Interview im US Sender VOA und  war der höchste Bau Inspektor von Albanien, bis er entlassen wurde, nachdem er engsten Berisha Partner, die illegale Bauten in Durres (Sokol Kazazi) und in Vlore der Familie des Lulzim Basha stoppte Ende 2010-2011. Das kriminelle Enterprise findet heute nur eine Fortsetzung mit dem Justiz Minister Nasiq Naco und hat bereits neue Negativ Höheupunkte erreicht. Sarande und Durres und die Vernichtung Antiker Stätten, mit gefakten Papieren, als System.

Faelschen als System

Andere Namen im Verbrecher Kartell:


Die Regierungs Adviser Mafia in Albanien: Zonja Guxholli, Ourel Bylykbashi, Glori Husi, Cepani, Seferi, Kociu

7 Gedanken zu „In Washington: Verbrecher Organisation der Familie des Lulzim Basha macht wieder eine US Reise mit dem Gangster Fatmir Mediu“

  1. Ein Bischof über die Ratten welche sich EU Politiker nennen und mit den Albaner Ratten zusammen arbeiten, Partner sind, wie FES, Steinmeier, CDU und KAS

    Der Bischof: Unsere Politiker sind alle Feiglinge und Schwächlinge!

  2. ein paar kriminelle Politiker als Partner haben viele Gestalten, inklusive Deutscher Politiker.

    The Democratic Party leader, Lulzim Basha, was received in a meeting by some US congressmen, who have supported the DP with the challenges of Albania. Basha says in the Democratic Party announcement that Albania’s next challenges are cleaning politics from crime, free and fair elections and the justice reform.

  3. Eine Legende des Verbrechens der KAS Partner der CDU: Lulzim Basha

    Berisha & Basha’s Big Dig

    Posted on Monday, September 24 @ 19:44:10 PDT by acl

    Albania NewsRead Inside: „Time Warner and Albania“ & „Comments to FCC Notice of Inquiry, IB Docket No. 04-398“ – By Gary Q. Kokalari

    The news about the astonishing – and deadly – cost-overrun problems associated with Boston’s „Big Dig“ and the fact there are Massachusetts Senators who are actively seeking to ban Bechtel from doing any future work in their State are revelations that raise very serious questions about Sali Berisha and Lulzim Basha’s handling of the Durres-Morina road building affair.

    Gary Q. Kokalari – Political Analyst

    There can be no question that the construction of a major road artery is a crucial part of Albania’s economic development. However, because of the importance of this project to Albania’s future, the Albanian government was obligated to complete whatever due diligence was necessary in the process of selecting a contractor for this monumental task.

    By Gary Q. Kokalari – Exclusively for ACLIS

    A major part of the problem is that neither Berisha nor Basha has any experience with a project of this magnitude. To exacerbate the problem, instead of realizing his limitations, Berisha refuses to listen to others and prefers to fly by the seat of his pants using his own highly flawed instincts. The same instincts that have proven disastrous for Albania in the past, as Albanians learned the hard way with Berisha’s pyramid schemes. To make matters worse, Berisha is eager to please certain foreign centers of power solely for the purpose of advancing his own selfish agenda. As for Basha, he is little more than a foolish and pompous stooge who is barely out of his diapers and still dangles from the strings held by Berisha. So what we have here is a classic case of the blind leading the blind on a project that has the potential to bankrupt Albania.

    Did Berisha and Basha contemplate the history of Bechtel’s problems with other major infrastructure projects like the $1.1 billion cost-overrun on the Bid Dig? Did they question Bechtel and include provisions in the contract that would protect Albania from the type of cost-overruns experienced in Boston? Of course Berisha and Basha can now say they took this all into consideration, but if they attempt a cover-up, they can’t just say they were aware of these problems, they need to prove it by producing solid evidence, including correspondence, emails, and legal briefs, that would substantiate any claims they may make that this was all thoroughly addressed. Also, who advised or pressured the Albanian government on moving forward with Bechtel? We now know, as a result of the denial issued by Camile Nuamah, head of the World Bank’s Tirana office, that Basha’s effort to cast blame on the World Bank was a blatant lie. It should be noted that by wrongfully implicating the World Bank in this underhanded attempt to cover his mistake, Basha has potentially damaged Albania’s relationship with the World Bank, the institution that has been most instrumental in helping to stabilize Albania’s economy, and this alone should be grounds for his termination.

    Lulzim Basha


    Was the Bechtel contract just a back room deal agreed to by Berisha and Basha? If they claim not, was there an extensive team of international consulting engineers, legal advisors and other experts helping Albania to maneuver such treacherous waters? Or was this too practical of an approach to expect from Sali Berisha because his modus operandi does not include rational decision making?

    Now, in light of Bechtel’s numerous debacles on other projects, the issue of the lack of transparency in the selection of Bechtel and the fact there was no open international tender for Albania’s massive Durres-Morina project is beyond comprehension. Especially when one considers that, with any miscalculations or unanticipated construction costs, we could be talking about a difference of hundreds of millions of dollars in the final cost of the project – money Albania cannot afford to lose. Despite the campaign lies that flowed from Berisha’s mouth about greater transparency, the probability of seeing Berisha govern with open, rational, professional conduct is lower than the odds of seeing the sun fall from the sky and into the Adriatic Sea. Berisha’s duplicitous handling of the Albtelecom scandal is a perfect example of the skullduggery that has come to symbolize his regime. And the Bechtel matter is just more of the same.



    In an example for his lack of respect for the people he governs, Berisha had the audacity to insert his son, Shkelzen, as a manager at Albtelecom, an absolute conflict of interest for a head of government, particularly in a country facing such high levels of unemployment and poverty as Albania. As you will recall, this is the same type of dirty game Fatos Nano played with his own son at Vodafone, the same Fatos Nano who Berisha once accused of corruption for displaying similar behavior.

    Bechtel has no monopoly on the engineering prowess required to complete the Durres-Morina road building project (see ENR list of top global contractors. There are global engineering behemoths who compete with Bechtel on projects of this scale everyday. To be sure, there are other companies that, in addition to possessing engineering qualifications that rival those of Bechtel, may have been able to offer government subsidized financial incentives that were not available in the Bechtel deal. I am well aware that if one digs deep enough, it is likely many of these companies may have experienced scandals of their own, but Berisha and Basha had the absolute responsibility to the people of Albania to do everything within their power to assure they hired the most qualified firm to complete the Durres-Morina project, and this company should have provided the strongest possible guarantees of completion at the lowest possible price inclusive of financial incentives. As has now become clear, this due diligence was not done, and in my opinion, this constitutes a criminal act.

    Prime Minister Sali Berisha

    Both Berisha and Basha should immediately stop hiding behind immunity and open themselves to voluntary interrogation on this matter. If not, it is time for the Berisha government to come to an end.

    Being a doctor, Berisha knows well that when a cancer is discovered in the body it must be treated promptly and aggressively, with surgical removal if necessary. With this in mind, Berisha and Basha should be viewed as little more than cancers growing on Albania and must be treated accordingly.

    Wake up Albanians! It’s time for another change!


    Read about the Bid Dig:

    3 senators want Big Dig manager barred
    Artery errors cost more than $1b


    Time Warner and Albania

    Gary Q. Kokalari – Political Analyst

    By Gary Q. Kokalari – Exclusively for ACLIS

    Time Warner recently introduced its „International OnePrice“ calling program to American customers. For $19.95 per month this calling plan allows Time Warner customers unlmited international calling to over 100 countries. A list of countries included in the Time Warner calling plan can be found by clicking on these links:

    International OnePrice Countries
    Time Warner NY-NJ Debuts International Calling Plan

    Interestingly, there is one country that is noticeably absent from the list of countries included in the Time Warner plan. Can you guess which country? I’ll give you a hint: the country has a red flag with a black double-headed eagle. If you guessed Albania you guessed right. Do you know why? It’s because the biased and abnormal pricing agreements that exist among Albania’s telecoms do not make it economically feasible for Time Warner to include Albania in the plan. This is the same reason Albanians are forced to endure what are among the highest calling rates in the world for their own telephone usage in Albania.

    I have repeatedly called for investigations of these interconnection agreements and so have others. But investigations have gone nowhere.

    Lulzim Basha

    Instead, when then Minister of Telecommunications Lulzim Basha was called to testify before a committee that was seeking answers to questions about these schemes, he repeatedly ignored the requests and never testified. As for Berisha, when he was in opposition, he sought my assistance to help focus attention on these schemes. But now that he has regained power, he has lost interest in prosecuting an investigation of telecom pricing in Albania. Why? Could it be that now that he is back in power he is in the position to take personal advantage of the same financial incentives that caused Fatos Nano to ignore this matter? Just click on the link below for Rilindja Demokratike, Berisha’s pathetic excuse for a newspaper, and you will note along the right hand side of the front page that one if its most prominent advertisers is none other than the Greek owned wireless carrier AMC.

    So that it is clear, because of these biased telecom interconnection agreements, Albanian consumers continue having their pockets picked by the wireless carriers, like Greek owned AMC, whenever they pick up their phones to place calls. Those who place international calls into Albania are raped in a similar way. And it is with these ill-gotten gains that AMC is able to spend millions of dollars on advertising to silence criticism from Albania’s media and buy the cooperation of corrupt hajdut Albanian „leaders“ like Sali „Enver“ Berisha. And while Lulzim Basha is parading around the U.S., he should elaborate on his own relationship with Greek owned AMC and respond to the allegations that he has accepted bribes from them. Basha should also asked ro explain why he refused to attend before the Parliamentary Commission to provide his testimony. This investigation went nowhere because since coming to power, the Berisha government has gone out of its to undermine any attempt to investigate Albania’s rigged telecom sector. Just as the Nano government tried to hide the ITU report and block investigations while it was in power.

    As everyone in Albania will recall from his election campaign, Berisha promised that he would stop the Albtelecom deal and there would be a thorough investigation of this transactioin. I pesonally provided information to his staff that should have helped them prove the exsistence of a bid-rigging conspiracy, but I would not hold my breath waiting for them to take such action because this would require biting the hand that feeds them. As I predicted long ago, just like Berisha has forgotten his concern about the abuses with telecom interconnection agreements, he has forgotten his promises about Albtelecom. Instead, he allowed the Turks to steal Albtelecom for the same price negotiated by Fatos Nano – a price that several telecom financial experts estimated may be $200 million below its value. In fact, German telecom investor Axos offered to buy Albtelecom for more than $300 million! Why would Berisha do this? According to some speculation, it’s because the Turks knew they were getting the deal of the century and were willing to make payments under the table to preserve the deal and guarantee that they got it at a bargain basement price. And who received these payments? It’s alleged they were shared by Fatos Nano, Sali Berisha and Genc Ruli. As many of you will recall, Ruli is no stranger to charges of corruption.

    I call upon Attorney General Sollaku to aggressively more forward with his investigation of Albania’s telecom industry. It is time to put an end to the abuse of the people of Albania at the hands of the Greek wireless carriers and those corrupt Albanian politicians who care only for the good of their own pockets, not the welfare of the people of Albania.

    If you would like to learn more about why Time Warner had to exclude Albania in it’s calling plan, please read my attached 2005 report to the FCC.



    Comments to FCC Notice of Inquiry, IB Docket No. 04-398

    January 3, 2005

    Federal Communications Commission

    Washington, DC 20554

    RE: Comments to FCC Notice of Inquiry, IB Docket No. 04-398

    Last September, I placed two international calls to Albania from my Verizon land line telephone in New York. One of my calls terminated in a mobile system and the other in a land line system, but both calls were billed to me by Verizon at identical rates of $5.26 per minute.

    It is my understanding that the rates for calls from the U.S. to Albania are among the highest in the world. As a U.S. citizen, this is highly disturbing because I have reason to believe these rates have been artificially inflated as a result of market manipulation, collusion and price fixing between the Albanian government officials who control Albtelecom, the government owned fixed line operator, and Albania’s privately owned wireless carriers, Vodafone, headquartered in the U.K., and AMC, an entity controlled by Greek telecom operators. If this information is verified, these relationships constitute a conspiracy between Albanian government officials and private sector telecom executives designed to defraud international callers to Albania. This should be of major concern to the FCC because a large percentage of this telephone traffic emanates from the U.S., and there is an adverse impact on American consumers. Furthermore, this could be just the tip of the iceberg because the situation in Albania may serve as an indication that similar acts of collusion exist between governments and private telephone carriers in other countries where U.S. calls are terminated.

    In September 2003, the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) issued a report on Albania’s telecom interconnection agreements that came to the conclusion that the fee sharing arrangements between Albtelecom and Albania’s two private wireless carriers were highly unusual. In brief, the report indicated that Albtelecom has been receiving a grossly lower percentage of the fees generated by each telephone call, and the wireless carriers were receiving an overly generous portion of the fees. In early December 2003, the ITU report was sent to the Albanian Regulatory Authority and the Ministry of Transport and Communications, but for some mysterious reason the ITU reports were “misplaced” and these government agencies did not bring the issue to the attention of Parliament or the Albanian public. This matter remained hidden within the Regulatory Authority and the Ministry of Transport and Communications until the publication in Albania of my February 3, 2004 letter to Vodafone Chairman Lord MacLaurin that requested an investigation of the interconnection agreements between Vodafone and Albtelecom. A summary extract of the ITU report is attached herewith.

    Seven months before the ITU report was issued, the U.S. government arrived at a similar conclusion. Unknown to the ITU and completely independent of its October 2003 report, the Central Eastern Europe Business Information Center (CEEBIC), an agency of the U.S. government that was established to promote economic development in Eastern Europe, issued a March 2003 report titled, “Telecommunications and Information Technology Albania.” A section of the CEEBIC report called “Backbones and Interconnection” stated,



    “Albtelecom is generating a big debt due to these abnormal interconnection agreements which have been signed and are in force.”

    As the FCC is aware, similar to domestic interconnection agreements, fees generated from international calls are shared among telecom carriers. Typically, the telecom carrier in the country where the call terminates would be entitled to a portion of the fee. In the case of Albania, as mandated by the government and by law, all international calls to and from Albania must pass through Albtelecom which is entitled to a percentage of the fee generated by the call.



    It is my understanding that telecom regulatory authorities from around the world provide information regarding their international traffic to Telegeography, a Washington-based organization that monitors this type of data. A source in Albania has informed me that Greek telephone traffic reports given to Telegeography indicated that in 2002 there were 105 million minutes of calls originating in Greece and terminating in Albania. In direct contradiction to this report, it appears that Albtelecom reported receiving only 85 million minutes of calls from Greece during this same period. The difference represents an amount of traffic equivalent to almost 30% of Albtelecom’s international business with Greece.



    How and why did 20 million minutes disappear? Are there similar irregularities with respect to Albania’s telephone traffic with the U.S.? Is it possible that international calls are being illegally diverted either before they reach Albania or within Albania? Why would Albtelecom, which has a state protected monopoly on international calls that terminate in Albania, share such a large percentage of the international interconnection fees with the two private wireless carriers? The answer to these and other questions may explain why calls placed by Americans to Albania are so expensive.



    According to the FCC web site and with regard to Albania, Albtelecom is still considered as a “carrier presumed to possess market power” in Albania, not Vodafone or AMC. This has implications for the termination rate paid to Albtelecom which will be lower than the rate paid to a carrier that is “assumed not to possess market power,” in this case Vodafone and AMC. A very likely reason is that Albtelecom is still the only “official” carrier for international traffic. Because U.S. operators do not have direct links with Vodafone and AMC, the U.S. carriers see only Albtelecom. The implication is that the Albanian government, via Albtelecom, in collusion with the Albania’s private wireless carriers, is engaged in a scheme which defrauds U.S. citizens and other international callers every time a call is placed to Albania.

    A major concern here is that senior Albanian government officials, who control Albtelecom, are in a position to provide sweetheart deals to the private wireless carriers in return for financial reward.

    The FCC should be aware that Albania is considered among the most corrupt countries in the world by Transparency International. You should also be aware that Members of the U.S. Congress at the Helsinki Commission hearing in Washington and Senior Officials of the European Union have recently issued stern warnings to the Albanian government in efforts to pressure them to curtail corrupt practices. Furthermore, a U.S. government agency is currently investigating Fatos Nano, the Prime Minister of Albania, for corrupt practices, including allegations that he maintains illegal foreign bank accounts. These circumstances, combined with the irregularities in Albania’s telecom sector that were exposed in the ITU and CEEBIC reports, make it clear that this matter should be addressed by the FCC.

    The FCC should also take into consideration the fact that the common stock of Vodafone is publicly traded in the U.S. and a high concentration of its shareholders are American financial institutions and citizens; therefore, Vodafone falls under the purview of the U.S. government via the Securities and Exchange Commission and most probably other agencies, including the FCC due to the fact that Vodafone is a major shareholder in Verizon Wireless.

    My efforts to bring this matter to the attention of the Albanian public forced the Albanian government to address this issue last year. Unfortunately, in the absence of any pressure being exerted by the U.S., the Albanian government conducted a sham investigation that was analogous to giving a fox the charge of guarding hens. A final resolution of this matter can only be accomplished by the U.S. government demanding that the Albanian government, the recipient of significant U.S. economic assistance, conduct a fully transparent investigation to include analysis of Albania’s domestic and international interconnection agreements and Albania’s international telephone traffic with the U.S. Because the requisite skills required for this task are unavailable in Albania, by necessity, such an investigation will require the participation of independent and objective outside auditors and industry experts.

    Because it appears that U.S. citizens are being defrauded every time a call is placed to Albania, I am requesting that the FCC open an investigation of this matter as soon as possible.

    Thank you.


    Gary Q. Kokalari

    Extract of ITU report appears on the next page:




    (An extract from an ITU Report)

    1. Interconnection (I/C) agreements
    Interconnection agreements are available

    • between AMC/Vodafone and ABLTELECOM
    • between AMC and Vodafone
    • between ABLTELECOM and rural operators
    ABLTELECOM has been determined to have the Significant Market Power (SMP) status.

    The Albanian Telecommunications Act (art 42 item d ) states that “Organisations with Significant Market Power have the obligation to send copies of their interconnection agreements to TRE and make them available on request by interested parties (excluding commercially sensitive parts other than details of interconnection charges, terms and conditions)”. This means that interconnection agreements between AMC/Vodafone and ABLTELECOM and on the other hand between ABLTELECOM and rural operators should be available to all interested parties.

    The analysis of the interconnection situations was based on the current interconnection agreement documents and the discussion with the officials of the Albanian Telecommunications Regulatory Authority. No data for an in-depth analysis of the current interconnection situation were available.

    Problems with interconnection arrangements exist in two different categories:

    • in the interconnection between mobile operators (AMC and Vodafone) and the national fixed network operators ABLTELECOM
    • in the interconnection between ABLTELECOM and local rural fixed line operators
    The interconnection agreements include three types of problems:

    1. Legal problem
    The current Albanian Telecommunications Act (art 46) states “Interconnection fees must be cost oriented and cover effective cost using the network”. Both type of the above mentioned I/C agreements are based on charges by revenues sharing (sharing the fees paid by calling end users). Thus these I/C agreement are in conflict with the Telecommunications Act.

    1. Discriminatory / unbalanced fee structure
    The commercial terms of Vodafone / ALBTELECOM interconnection agreement (the AMC / ABLTELECOM interconnection agreement is exactly similar) indicate an unbalanced situation which sets ABLTELECOM in unfair position.

    The main commercial terms in the agreements are:

    – Tariffs setting

    • Tariffs for calls from PSTN to PLMN will be jointly agreed by parties
    • Tariffs for calls from PLMN to PSTN are set exclusively by Vodafone
    – National calls

    • For billed calls from PSTN to PLMN, even customer has not paid, Vodafone receives 88% of the billed tariffs and in any case 40 Leke per minute
    Note: that traffic was 10.8 million minutes in first semester of 2003

    • For calls from PLMN to PSTN Vodafone pays to ABLTELECOM 8% of applicable tariff and in any case ABLTELECOM shall receive at least 3 leke per minute
    Note: that traffic was 4.3 million minutes in first semester of 2003

    – International calls

    • For international calls made from abroad through PSTN to PLMN, Vodafone receives 84% of the average tariffs minutes of international accounting rate agreed by ABLTELECOM ( effective revenue sharing is Vodafone 84% and ABLTELECOM 16%).
    Note: that traffic was 63.8 million minutes in first semester of 2003

    • For international calls made from Vodafone network to foreign countries, ABLTELECOM receives applicable international accounting rate plus 10% ( effectively Vodafone keeps large amount of fee paid by calling customer, ABLTELECOM pays accounting rate to foreign operator and can keep only 10 % (likely less than 5% of the fee paid by customer)
    Note: that traffic was 5.9 million minutes in first semester of 2003

    – National transit traffic

    • There is no economic compensation for ABLTELECOM in transit traffic between two mobile operators
    Note: that traffic was 23.1 million minutes from Vodafone to AMC and from AMC to Vodafone 22.6 million minutes in first semester of 2003

    According the officials of the Telecommunications Authority the interconnection agreement between ABLTELECOM and rural operator includes also revenue sharing terms which are uneconomic and unfair to the rural operators. No traffic data was available.

    1. Period of agreement
    The contract period in the interconnection agreements between the mobile operators and ABLTELECOM is a fixed period of four years. This is an extremely long time in the rapidly developing telecommunications field. The normally used period terms state that after one year it is possible to renegotiate the content and prices of the agreements.

    1. ISPs` access to network
    According to the officials of the Telecommunications Authority there exists a strong discriminatory situation with regard to access by Internet Service Providers to the network of the ALBTELECOM.

    The ISP division of ABLTELECOM can offer to end users as package including both access (connection between customer and ISP) and services of ISP.

    The independent ISPs can price to customer only their services. Customer pays as separate price to ALBTELECOM the connection.

    These different arrangement result that the total fee paid by customer is higher for independent ISP`s services.

    This situation violates the non discriminatory principles.

    1. Areas of interconnection where improvement is needed
    The present interconnection arrangements between AMC/Vodafone are highly unfavourable for publicly owned fixed operator ALBTELECOM. It must be said that there is not a single example in Europe or wider with such unfair interconnection deals for the fixed operator. This not only severely damages public interests in Albania (since ALBTELECOM is public owned) but also creates risks in longer term in several aspects, for example:

    • The current interconnection arrangements between ABLTELECOM and mobile operators may lead to a complete collapse of ABLTELECOM.
    • Similarly the current I/C agreement between ABLTELECOM and rural private operators is likely to result that the rural operators cannot survive.
    The situations described above are worsened due to the fact that telephone calls are more and more made within and between the mobile telecommunications networks.

    1. Recommendations
    In view of the above, the following is recommended:

    Recommendation 1:

    Regulatory Authority to initiate revision of the current interconnection agreements between ALBTELECOM and AMC and between ALBTELECOM and Vodafone as a matter of urgency on the grounds that these agreements violate the Telecommunication Act in force and severelydamage public interests.

    Recommendation 2:

    Regulatory Authority to carry out an in depth analysis of the magnitude of public funds that are lost due to the one-sidedness of these agreements and take an urgent legal action to recover the lost public funds.

    Recommendation 3:

    In future, the Regulatory Authority should demand that operators prove the cost orientation of their interconnection prices by cost calculations . Precondition for cost calculations is a proper accounting separation. This should be supported by guide papers and possibly by an additional basic regulation on accounting separation prepared by the Regulatory Authority.

    Recommendation 4:

    Developing competence within of the Regulatory Authority in economic monitoring / control of telecommunication operations, especially in the areas related to interconnection, tariffs and universal service.

    Recommendation 5:

    The regulatory Authority to establish a procedure for public written consultations on drafts of new regulations or major decisions.


    ACL – 24 September 2007

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